The heat in chillies is caused by a group of chemicals called capcaicinoids. These chemicals are found only in the fruit, and the more concentrated they are, the hotter the chilli is. Their concentration is affected mostly by the choice of variety, though levels are also influenced by growing conditions, sun, soil and age of the fruit.
The degree of heat is expressed in Scoville Heat Units (SHU), named after Wilbur Scoville, an American pharmacologist who devised a taste test for measuring chilli heat in 1912.
The scale starts at zero for sweet peppers, which have no heat, and increases up to the current record holders – varieties of C. chinense from Bangladesh, Northeast India and the Caribbean – which reach heat levels of 1,000,000 SHU or more.
Southwestern-style traditional Anaheim harvested green for stuffing, grilling, roasting or processing. Peppers average 8” long and have thick, crisp flesh with mild heat and excellent flavor. Very productive strain that quickly changes from green to red. Improved version of New Mexico 6-4 pepper, with thicker, longer fruits that mature earlier. Anaheim • SHU 4,500 • 8” fruits. (Capsicum annuum). Maturity 68 days green/88 days red.
Brightly-colored fruits emerge from dense green foliage like flames. Upright clusters of narrow 1" fruits ripen from yellow to orange to fire engine red, putting on an incredible display all season. Compact, bushy plants covered with very spicy fruit are excellent for containers. An AAS Winner; perfect for 6-pack sales. 12-16" plants · SHU 50,000+ · 1" fruits (Capsicum annuum). Days to maturity: 65 days green, 80 color
Ghost Pepper - Chilli Bhut Jolokia - Fiery Furnace Seeds. One of the world's hottest chilli! For lovers of hot chillies Chilli Bhut Jolokia is unsurpassable! Measuring in at 1,000,000 units on the 'Scoville scale!, it's a very very very hot pepper! Ideal for pot or greenhouse growing, it produces an abundance of 5-8cm long, orange/red pods, which can be frozen but are better dried. (approx. 9 seeds/pack)
Early Jalapeno Hot Pepper - Certified Organic. A medium-hot early Jalapeno which is flavourful when green or red.Upright plants produce high yields of 6 cm long, 2.5 cm wide blunt-nosed peppers. Maturity 65 days green/85 days red.
Renee's mixed packet offers a trio of the best chile flavors with three different heat levels. You’ll have dark green, heart-shaped Ancho ‘San Luis’ with a mild aromatic flavor perfect for chile rellenos; shiny, thick-fleshed ‘Joe Parker,’ an authentic Santa Fe style medium-heat chile wonderful to grill; and spicy Jalapeño ‘Sierra Fuego’ whose hot pungency is just right in salsas, bean dishes and ‘chile poppers.’. Maturity 80 days...
Thai Chile Duo is a combination of two Thai hot pepper varieties. Full Moon,Orange & Red Vesuvious. They are beautiful chiles for authentic Thai cooking. Full Moon ripens bright orange with medium hot-sweet pungency. Red Vesuvious have that nutty, incendiary flavor for the hottest dishes. Maturity 85 Days (approx. 53 seeds/pack)
STARTING SEEDLINGS: In early spring, start indoors about 2 months before night temperatures stay reliably 50-55°F (10- 13°C). So..