The heat in chillies is caused by a group of chemicals called capcaicinoids. These chemicals are found only in the fruit, and the more concentrated they are, the hotter the chilli is. Their concentration is affected mostly by the choice of variety, though levels are also influenced by growing conditions, sun, soil and age of the fruit.
The degree of heat is expressed in Scoville Heat Units (SHU), named after Wilbur Scoville, an American pharmacologist who devised a taste test for measuring chilli heat in 1912.
The scale starts at zero for sweet peppers, which have no heat, and increases up to the current record holders – varieties of C. chinense from Bangladesh, Northeast India and the Caribbean – which reach heat levels of 1,000,000 SHU or more.
Small, mild Japanese pepper for roasting, pan-frying and grilling.
Thin walls blister and char easily when roasted or grilled, taking on rich flavor that is delicious with coarse salt and lemon juice. Pepper lore has it that the occasional fruit will display heat. Typically harvested and used green, but eventually turns orange and red with sweeter flavor. Prolific! Spreading habit. 2-4" mild fruits. Scoville heat units (SHU): 50 – 200. Very mild.
Renee's mixed packet offers a trio of the best chile flavors with three different heat levels. You’ll have dark green, heart-shaped Ancho ‘San Luis’ with a mild aromatic flavor perfect for chile rellenos; shiny, thick-fleshed ‘Joe Parker,’ an authentic Santa Fe style medium-heat chile wonderful to grill; and spicy Jalapeño ‘Sierra Fuego’ whose hot pungency is just right in salsas, bean dishes and ‘chile poppers.’. Maturity 80 days...
Thai Chile Duo is a combination of two Thai hot pepper varieties. Full Moon,Orange & Red Vesuvious. They are beautiful chiles for authentic Thai cooking. Full Moon ripens bright orange with medium hot-sweet pungency. Red Vesuvious have that nutty, incendiary flavor for the hottest dishes. Maturity 85 Days (approx. 53 seeds/pack)
STARTING SEEDLINGS: In early spring, start indoors about 2 months before night temperatures stay reliably 50-55°F (10- 13°C). So..