Solanum nielongena L.(Solanum melongena) called eggplant by Americans, is also known as Guinea squash in some Southern U.S. regions, “aubergines" (French and British), “bathinjan” (Arabic), "badnjan" (Persian),"berenjena" (Spanish), "berinjela" (Portuguese), "melanzane" (Italians) and "melitzane" (Greeks).
Eggplant is a fruit we consume as a vegetable. Technically a berry, eggplant comes in a wide range of shapes and sizes, from spherical to cylindrical, and from tiny to enormous, from 2 to 12 inches in length.
There are creamy-white, egg-shaped eggplants, thin Japanese eggplants, small grape-like green Thai eggplants, rosy pink and white striped eggplants and purple and white striped eggplants and most commmon in the U.S., pear-shape variety with a smooth, glossy, dark purple skin.
Renee's EXCLUSIVE - Perfect for containers or small space gardens, compact Little Prince produces an abundance of glossy, 3 to 4 inch oval fruits borne in shiny clusters on pretty plants with velvety leaves and lavender blossoms. This productive variety is a real edible landscaping dynamo that will keep you well supplied with tasty fresh eggplants. Best of all, these curvaceous fruits have tender, glossy skins and succulent flesh that is never bitter or seedy and absolutely delicious in ever..
Heirloom. Easy-to-grow Asian eggplants are long and slender with tender magenta skin. This variety can yield up to 20 fruits per plant and are vigorous and stress-tolerant. Slim fruits average 1-2” wide; plants should be staked for straight fruit. Very tender skin does not need to be peeled. Productive • 12-18” fruit. (Solanum melongena). Maturity 70 days.